Transgender Europe: Press Release: March 19th 2011

Published: March 19, 2011

The Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project started in April 2009 and systematically monitors,
collects and analyses reports of homicides of trans people worldwide. Updates of the preliminary
results, which have been presented in July 2009 for the first time, are published on the website of
the “Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide” project two to three times a year in the form of
tables, name lists, and maps:

The March 2011 update has revealed a total of 539 cases of reported killings of trans people from
January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2010. A high number of killings since the last TMM update and
additional cases discovered for the period of the last three years confirms earlier reports on the
continuously elevated level of deadly violence against trans people on a global scale.
Cases have been reported from all six major World Regions (Africa, Asia, Central and South
America, Europe, North America, and Oceania), evoking an evermore gruesome picture, especially
given the very partial knowledge we are able to gain in many places. Most reported cases were from
Central and South America, which amount to 424 cases and account for 80 % of the globally
reported homicides of trans people since January 2008. In 2008, 95 killings were reported in 13
Central and South American countries, in 2009, 161 killings in 16 Central and South American
countries, and in 2010 168 killings in 13 Central and South American countries. Killings of trans
people have been reported from Argentina (8), Brazil (227), Chile (2), Colombia (26), Costa Rica
(3), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (7), Ecuador (10), El Salvador (6), Guatemala (28),
Honduras (27), Jamaica (1), Mexico (27), Nicaragua (2), Paraguay (3), Peru (7), Puerto Rico (7)
Uruguay (1), and Venezuela (31). The starkest increase in reports is also to be found in Central and
South America, e.g. in Brazil (2008: 57, 2009: 69, 2010: 101), Guatemala (2008: 1, 2009: 13, 2010:
14) and Mexico (2008: 4, 2009: 11, 2010: 12). The data also show an alarming increase in reported
murders in Turkey in the previous years (2008: 2, 2009: 5, 2010: 6).

In total, the preliminary results show 539 reports of murdered trans people in 42 countries
since January 2008.

The new result update furthermore reveals that in the last 3 years, 38 homicides of trans people
were reported in the USA (2008: 17, 2009: 13, 2010: 8), 37 in Europe (2008: 11, 2009: 17, 2010:
9), 35 in Asia (2008: 10, 2009: 13, 2010: 12) and 3 in Oceania (2008: 2, 2009: 1) as well as 2 in
Africa (2008: 1, 2009: 1).

The update also reveals that since January 2008 37 killings of trans people have been reported in 8
European countries (Albania: 1, Germany: 2, Italy: 13, Portugal: 1, Spain: 3, Serbia: 1, Turkey: 13,
and UK: 3). In Asia, since January 2008 35 killings of trans people have been reported in 10
countries (Azerbaijan: 2, China: 6, India: 6, Indonesia: 3, Iraq: 3, Malaysia: 5, Pakistan: 6,
Philippines: 1, Singapore: 1, and Thailand: 2). In Oceania, 3 killings have been reported since 2008
(Australia: 1, New Caledonia: 1, and New Zealand: 1) and in Africa 2 (South Africa: 1, and Algeria:

Attached to this press release you can find a map, which demonstrates the absolute figures of
reports found worldwide since January 2008.

Yet, we know, even these high numbers are only a fraction of the real figures; the truth is
much worse.

These are mainly the reported cases, which could be found through Internet research. In most
countries, data on murdered trans people are not systematically produced and it is impossible to
estimate the numbers of unreported cases. Another finding of these updates is that while Brazil has
received special attention due to the elevated number of killings, the number of killings in other
South and Central American countries like Venezuela, Honduras and in particular Guatemala is
equally or even more worrying in view of the much smaller population sizes of these countries.
While the documentation of homicides against trans people is indispensable for demonstrating the
shocking extent of human rights violations committed against trans people on a global scale, there is
also a need for in-depth research of various other aspects related to the human rights situation of
trans people. Therefore, Transgender Europe developed the Trans Murder Monitoring project into
the ‘Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide’ (TvT) research project. TvT is a comparative,
ongoing qualitative-quantitative research project, which provides an overview of the human rights
situation of trans people in different parts of the world and develops useful data and advocacy tools
for international institutions, human rights organizations, the trans movement and the general
public. A research team from Transgender Europe is coordinating the project, which is funded by
the Open Society Foundations, the ARCUS Foundation, and partly by the Heinrich Boell
Foundation. The TvT research team is assisted by an Advisory Board, composed of international
LGBT, trans and human rights activists and academics from Africa, Asia, Central and South
America, Europe, North America, and Oceania. It furthermore cooperates with more than a dozen
partner organizations in these six world regions. In September 2010, the TvT project research team
has started a survey in cooperation with its partner organizations. The first results of this survey will
be presented soon on international conferences and on the TvT website (www.transrespecttransphobia.

If you have further questions or if you want to support the research project, please contact the TvT
research team:
Dr Carsten Balzer and Dr Jan Simon Hutta

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