The Treatment 2.0 Framework for Action:Catalysing the Next Phase of Treatment, Care and Support

Published: July 14, 2011

In June 2010, the UNAIDS Secretariat and WHO launched Treatment 2.0, an initiative
designed to achieve and sustain universal access and maximize the preventive benefits
of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Treatment 2.0 builds on ‘3 by 5’ and the programmatic
and clinical evidence and experience over the last 10 years to expand access to HIV
diagnosis, treatment and care through a series of innovations in five priority work areas:
drugs, diagnostics, costs, service delivery and community mobilization. The principles
and priorities of Treatment 2.0 address the need for innovation and efficiency gains in
HIV programmes, in greater effectiveness, intervention coverage and impact in terms
of both HIV-specific and broader health outcomes.

Since the launch of Treatment 2.0, the UNAIDS Secretariat and WHO have worked with other
UNAIDS co-sponsoring organizations, technical experts and global partners to further
elaborate and begin implementing Treatment 2.0. The Treatment 2.0 Framework for Action
outlines the five priority work areas which comprise the core elements of the initiative and
establishes a strategic framework to guide action within each of them over the next decade.
The Framework for Action reflects commitments outlined in Getting to Zero: 2011 – 2015
Strategyi, UNAIDS and the WHO Global Health-Sector Strategy on HIV, 2011 – 2015ii, the
guiding strategies for the multi-sectoral and health-sector responses to the HIV pandemic.

The Framework for Action is structured as follows:
• ‘3 by 5’ and Beyond
• Towards Treatment 2.0: An Evolving Revolution
• Maximizing the Preventive Benefits of Treatment
• Treatment 2.0 Priority Work Areas
1. Optimize Drug Regimens
2. Provide Access to Point-of-Care Diagnostics
3. Reduce Costs
4. Adapt Delivery Systems
5. Mobilize Communities
• What Countries Are Doing to Advance Treatment 2.0
• Partnerships
• Accountability: Monitoring and Reporting Progress
• Conclusion
• Works Cited

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