Substance Use Among Chinese, Filipino, and Vietnamese Adult Men Living in San Jose, Daly City, and San Francisco, and Its Implications on ATOD Prevention Services

Published: March 1, 2013

This intervention study collected data on Chinese, Filipino, and
Vietnamese high-risk adults to ascertain similarities and differences
in drug use patterns. Study participants (N¼126) participated in a
5-week intervention study to mitigate substance abuse and the
prevalence of hepatitis C and HIV among high-risk adults in San
Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Clara Counties of California. Data
reported were collected at baseline. The National Outcome Measures
questionnaire was used to document individual substance use in
the past 30 days. Filipinos reported higher use rates for alcohol,
cigarettes, marijuana, and crack cocaine in the past 30 days compared
with their Chinese and Vietnamese counterparts; these differences
proved to be statistically significant (p?.03). Data analysis
also showed that the alcohol use of Filipino and Vietnamese homosexual
men was significantly greater than their Chinese counterparts
(p¼.04). A statistically significant inverse association was
found for alcohol use for those in the criminal justice system during
the past 30 days (odds ratio [OR]¼0.37, p¼.03). In addition, a positive
association for other tobacco use (OR¼11.98, p¼.00) was
reported for those in the criminal justice system. Age group analyses
indicated a positive association for those between 18-25 years old for
alcohol use (OR¼5.40, p¼.00). These data confirm the importance
of disaggregation of data. If collapsed into a general Asian or Asian
and Pacific Islander ethnic group category, as is often the case, the
unique behaviors of the individual groups would be lost.

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