Recommendations for HIV prevention with adults and adolescents with HIV in the United States, 2014

Published: December 11, 2014

CDC Stacks
Original Article:

The goals of HIV prevention, care, and treatment in the United States are to prevent new HIV infections, increase the proportion of persons with HIV who are aware of their infection, prevent HIV-related illness and death, and reduce HIV-related health disparities.1 The context of HIV prevention in the United States has changed because of recent advances in biomedical, behavioral, and structural prevention strategies, changes in health care delivery, and new national HIV prevention strategies.1,2 For example, early initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has recently been shown to improve health, suppress HIV viral load, and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.3 Offering HIV treatment shortly after diagnosis can also hasten use of other biomedical, behavioral and structural interventions that can reduce the risk of transmitting HIV. By offering this expanded set of interventions, health care providers, nonclinical HIV prevention specialists, and health departments and HIV planning groups can promote the health of persons with HIV, prevent HIV transmission to their sex and drug-injection partners and offspring, and contribute to community well-being.

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