Providers' Perspectives on the Best Practices for HIV Prevention for MSM in Berlin, Germany: Lessons for Policy and Prevention.

Published: December 2, 2014

Grov C, Restar A, Gussmann P, Schlemmer K, Rodríguez-Díaz CE.
Original Article:


Using qualitative data via providers’ perspectives, the goal of this study was to identify strengths and weaknesses in the current approaches being used to prevent onward transmission of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Berlin, Germany. In 2013, 18 participants from 10 organizations who provide direct outreach or services to MSM were interviewed (30-75 minutes). With regard to strategies and services that individuals believed contributed to the organization’s success, we identified five themes: (1) Having staff and volunteers to "match" the target population, (2) Embracing homosexuality and gay identity, (3) Being invested in the cause, (4) Coordination of services to avoid overlap and duplication, and (5) Seeing eye-to-eye with the target population. Finally, with regard to areas in which organizations felt they could use improvement (i.e., continuing challenges), we identified three themes: (1) Insufficient funding and resources, (2) Insufficient services, and (3) HIV stigma, homophobia, and shifting attitudes about HIV. This study informs HIV prevention approaches in Berlin, Germany as well as other urban centers where MSM are disproportionally affected by the HIV epidemic.

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