Risk reduction following an HIV diagnosis is important for controlling the epidemic. The objective of this retrospective cohort study of 6,965 HIV-positive males was to evaluate the joint risk of new reportable STDs in males after HIV diagnosis by race/ethnicity and risk behavior. This investigation linked HIV case reports with STD surveillance, clinical care and laboratory datasets to determine new STD acquisition in HIV positive individuals. Compared to White MSM with high care engagement, Black MSM had a significantly higher rate of new reportable STDs for the full time period after HIV diagnosis, ≤1 year after diagnosis, and >1 year after diagnosis. High HIV care engagement was not as protective against new STD acquisition for Black MSM as it was for White MSM and reasons for this health disparity should be explored.
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