Key Population Investment Fund and Community Engagement Grants: A Community Update Report

MPact is pleased to release “KPIF and Community Engagement Grants: A Community Update Report” which examines the USAID-portion of the Key Population Investment Fund (KPIF), which is being implemented by FHI360.

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KPIF was rolled out in 2019 by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) as a $100 million initiative targeting the unmet HIV-related needs of key populations (KPs) who are disproportionately affected by HIV. The four KPs targeted were gay and bisexual men, transgender people, sex workers, and people who use drugs.

KPIF is being implemented in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Central America, and Eastern Europe. The initiative explicitly recognizes the need to directly fund HIV structural interventions for KP communities. It does so by mechanisms that include direct community engagement grants (CEG) for KP-led local organizations.

This report examines how KPIF and CEG are perceived by a variety of stakeholders, both in terms of operational efficiency and impact. It ends with two sets of recommendations to improve the USAID-administered portion of KPIF that is ongoing through 2021 and on a potential successor program to KPIF.

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