High HIV Prevalence among MSM in a Time-Location Sampling Survey, So Paulo, Brazil.

Published: November 11, 2014

de Sousa Mascena Veras MA, Calazans GJ, de Almeida Ribeiro MC, de Freitas Oliveira CA, Giovanetti MR, Facchini R, França IL, McFarland W; The SampaCentro Study Group.
Original Article:  1.usa.gov/1uqveAq


We conducted a time-location sampling sero-behavioral surveillance survey of men who have sex with men (MSM) in São Paulo, Brazil, the largest city in Latin America and the Southern Hemisphere (N = 1,217 interviewed with serological results for 771). HIV prevalence was 15.4 % (95 % CI 11.6-20.1), with only 45.8 % previously aware of their infection. HIV prevalence achieved 6.4 % among youth 18-24 years and was higher among MSM with lower socio-economic status. In multivariate analysis, correlates of HIV were older age, gay identity, lower socio-economic status, social networks with HIV-positive MSM, receptive anal sex, and internet sex partners. Policy change towards increasing avenues for HIV testing coupled with antiretroviral treatment regardless of CD4 count or stage of disease stand to benefit the MSM community if scaled up fast enough.

Full text of article available at link below:  1.usa.gov/1uqveAq

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