The number of gay men in Northern Ireland diagnosed with HIV has hit a record high.
The total of new HIV cases in Northern Ireland rose by a fifth last year and 53 involved homosexual men, a report for the Public Health Agency released today said.
That is the largest annual number for gay men recorded in Northern Ireland and most cases were acquired in the UK.
Agency consultant in health protection, Dr Neil Irvine, said: “The safer sex message of the 1980s has been forgotten. Maybe people perceive themselves to be less at risk but that is part of a picture that has been seen across western Europe and most of North America.”
The number of new HIV diagnoses in Northern Ireland rose by 20% to 79 last year. There are 474 people living with HIV in Northern Ireland, an increase of 12% on 2009.
HIV is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids like blood. In Northern Ireland most transmission occurs through unprotected sex with an infected person. It can also be transmitted by sharing contaminated needles.
The report, called HIV And STI Surveillance In Northern Ireland 2011, said overall new STI (sexually transmitted infection) diagnoses increased by 6% on 2009.
Other findings included:
Cases of gonorrhoea have increased by 13% since 2009;
Genital herpes simplex (first episode) has increased by 18%;
Genital warts (first episode) has increased by 2%;
Non-specific genital infection has increased by 14%.
Dr Irvine said: “We want to take the opportunity presented by World Aids Day to raise awareness about HIV and STIs.
“While young people and men who have sex with men are particularly at risk, the safer sex message applies to everyone. We know people may be infected with HIV and STIs without having any symptoms, so it is important to protect yourself and to stop the spread of infection to others.
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