On May 27th, new draft language was released for the 2016 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS, which is scheduled to be finalized in New York City next week (Wednesday, June 8 to Friday, June 10) at the United Nations. The Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP) and MSMGF (The Global Forum on MSM & HIV) together with the Global Platform to Fast-Track the HIV and Human Rights Responses Among Gay and Bisexual Men and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (The Platform) are deeply concerned with numerous changes made in the new draft, which erase key populations from the global HIV response. As the final political declaration will be issued during next week’s United Nations High-level Meeting on HIV and AIDS, we urge our partners to take bold and fast actions now to influence decisions made by UN delegation members.
HIV is having a devastating and disparate impact on gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who use drugs, and transgender people including young people of these populations. Concentrated HIV epidemics in these groups occur in all countries worldwide as evidenced by disproportionately high HIV incidence and prevalence when compared to the general population. Uncontrolled epidemics in these group are exacerbated by criminalization and extreme (in some instances, State-sanctioned) violence.
These facts stand in stark contrast with what amounts to a revisionist characterization of the global HIV epidemic within the draft language just released. In a 14,000-word document that includes over 76 discrete points, men who have sex with men; sex workers are only mentioned; people who use and/or inject drugs; and transgender people are only mentioned in twice (in Paragraphs #42 and #54).
In addition, critical references to men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who inject drugs, and transgender people (recognized by UNAIDS, WHO, and the Global Fund to be key populations based on global epidemiological evidence) have been removed or weakened throughout the document. Examples of this include:
- Adding or combining other groups;
- Introducing qualifier language, inaccurately (and perhaps deliberately) obscuring the fact that key populations are disproportionately affected by HIV everywhere in the world; and
- Using misleading and factually incorrect statements about the HIV burden in specific regions.
The original Zero Draft released in April recommended evidence-based approaches needed to adequately address the HIV epidemic among gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers, and other key populations. These were deleted in the revised draft. These included important points related to:
- Ensuring access to tailored HIV combination prevention services for key populations; and
- Repealing discriminatory and punitive laws and policies, such as those related to criminalization of HIV transmission, same-sex sexual relations, sex work and drug use.
Bad Behavior By Governments
It is deplorable that the UN Member States can choose to overlook epidemiological data on key populations in favor of bogus beliefs about HIV and about key populations. We are dismayed and disturbed (if not surprised) that we find ourselves, yet again, in debates about issues that aren’t and shouldn’t be debatable!
We emphatically reject revisionist characterizations of the global HIV epidemic. We do not accept negative characterizations of men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, and people who inject drugs, and we certainly disagree with the idea that key populations are only worthy of mention in the context of discussions about risk – especially since it reinforces old stereotypes about our communities as being irresponsible. We are not surprised by these actions because using key populations as a political wedge is a routinely employed tactic by governments to subjugate, oppress, debase, and belittle its citizens. These are also tactics deliberately used to throw activists off their game and to distract global attention away from State-sanctioned abuses and corruption.
This brand of exclusion has particular and painful salience for gay men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, and people who use drugs. It is sadly still too common to have our communities rendered invisible in revisionist characterizations of the HIV epidemic worldwide. Moreover, the relative absence in global HIV discourse about State-sanctioned structural violence is reprehensible and undermines the possibility of progress in our work to end AIDS. State-sanctioned structural violence is literally killing us! We must forcefully resist the idea that indiscriminately throwing pills at the general population will somehow reverse concentrated HIV epidemics in key populations. This is idea is shortsighted and misguided.
Urgent Action Needed Now!
NSWP, MSMGF and the Platform will be represented at the High-level Meeting in New York City next week to raise these concerns with UN country delegations. We will fight to ensure that the final political declaration includes stronger language addressing the HIV epidemic among gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, and people who use drugs. We strongly encourage advocates and allies to:
- Ask that friendly governments break their silence on these issues;
- Insist that key populations be specifically named upfront in the document, reverting to earlier language, which was more palatable (the first use of the term ‘key populations’ should be immediately followed by the list as endorsed by UNAIDS and the Global Fund – gay men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, people who use drugs, migrants and prisoners);
- The first reference to key populations should not solely be couched in discussions about risk but more broadly cast in factual discussions about disproportionate HIV disease burden, stigma, discrimination, and violence worldwide;
- Maintain the importance of referencing the term “key populations” consistently throughout the document, especially in paragraphs concerning strategies for responses to the HIV epidemic and with at least the same frequency used when referring to HIV among women and girls (any other euphemism, e.g., at risk, high risk, vulnerable groups, is unacceptable);
- Push to retain language concerning sexual and reproductive health and rights of women AND key populations (one of the obvious ways we can ensure the more consistent referencing of key populations);
- Argue for integrating comprehensive sexuality education into combination HIV prevention approaches (remember: the contestation of this issue is squarely rooted in homophobic and misogynistic ideas about human sexuality); and
- Use your social media platform to break the silence and stop facilitators and negotiators from prematurely closing discussions about the political declaration.
Suggested tweets (tailor to your needs and add visuals or links):
- #CSOs totally reject revisionist characterizations of the global #HIV epidemic & stigmatizing #MSM, #SW, #TP #PWUD #HLM2016AIDS;
- Govs must stop tactics 2 oppress, debase, belittle. We demand our rights #HLM2016AIDS #NoRush #HIV
- Exclusion has painful salience 4 #keypopulations, #Women& girls, #HLM2016AIDS;
- Communities fighting #AIDS deserve better #HLM2016AIDS language & specific actions 4 #keypopulations;
- Mention of #keypopulations should be linked 2 disproportionate #HIV burden #stigma, #discrimination & #violence #HLM2016AIDS;
- #keypopulations must be named in #HLM2016AIDS to change the course of the #HIV #AIDS epidemic;
- State sanctioned structural violence isn’t acceptable. Communities deserves better #HLM2016AIDS! #NoRush #HLM2016AIDS;
- Exclusion leads to stigma, violence, no services, lives los t#HLM2016, #keypopulation, #NoRush;
- We want #keypopulations consistently mentioned throughout #HLM2016AIDS doc;
- Euphemisms, e.g., high risk, vulnerable groups R unacceptable #NoRush, #HLM2016AIDS;
- We demand #SRHR 4 all people #NoRush;
- Communities fighting #AIDS deserves better outcomes #HLM2016AIDS.
Let’s Not Let Governments Erase or Exclude Us!
Here are other things you can do now:
- Learn who is representing your governments delegation to the UN;
- Advocate to have civil society from key population communities be included in country delegations;
- Loudly voice concern with their respective governments at country level about next week’s UN High-level Meetings;
- Urge your government and missions in NYC to avoid rushing into approving a seriously flawed document; and
- Demand that your delegations emphatically speak against weakened or misleading language or language that renders key populations invisible.
Yours in global solidarity,
NSWP, MSMGF and the Platform
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP) exists to uphold the voice of sex workers globally and connect regional networks advocating for the rights of female, male, and transgender sex workers. NSWP is a membership organisation with 262 members in 77 countries. Our members are local, national or regional sex worker-led organisations and networks across five regions: Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and North America and the Caribbean.
MSMGF has worked since 2006 to encourage targeted, tailored, better resourced, and rights-based sexual health services for gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide through its advocacy and technical support work. As a global network, MSMGF has successfully influenced HIV responses at the local level through shifts in global-level policies and has effectively utilized public health as an entry point for advancing the human rights of LGBT people. MSMGF currently supports programs in 30 countries.