A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to explore disclosure decisions regarding potential HIV infection by men who have sex with men (MSM). The sample consisted of 104 Israeli MSM. A questionnaire based on the theory of reasoned action was used for data determination. The questionnaire deals with beliefs, attitudes, and disclosure intentions. Results showed that only 30% of respondents intended to disclose potential HIV infection. A total of 70% of those who intended to disclose would choose to disclose the information to their brother/sister, two thirds to their mother, and only about 50% to their father. All components of the theory have an effect on MSM intentions of disclosure to others. In addition, behavioral beliefs, that is, MSM beliefs of the consequences of disclosure, were found to be the most significant predictor of behavioral intention. Research recommendations include the promotion of positive behavioral attitudes toward disclosure, leading to an increase in behavioral intentions of disclosure.
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