Antiretroviral Therapy as HIV Prevention: Status and Prospects

Published: October 1, 2010

As antiretroviral treatment of HIV infection has become increasingly  accessible, attention has focused on whether these drugs can  used for prevention because of increased tolerability of newer  medications, decreased cost, and the limitations of other approaches. We review the status of antiretroviral HIV prevention, including chemoprophylaxis, as well as the effects of treatment of infected individuals on prevention. It is possible that the life-saving agents that have transformed the natural history of AIDS can be a critical component of HIV prevention efforts, but their ultimate role in affecting HIV transmission dynamics remains to be defined.

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