The Surprising Region Where HIV Is On The Rise + 4 More Facts About AIDS In America Today

Published: December 1, 2014

Jenna Birch
Original Article:

When it comes to stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS, and treating people who have already come into contact with the virus, we’ve gained a lot of ground in three decades.

When the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first identified, experts would have never thought we’d have as many treatments as we do or might even (one day) see a cure, says Susan Koletar, MD, director of the division of infectious diseases at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. “I’ve been working on HIV and AIDS since it first became a problem around 30 years ago, and I’ve watched it go from a devastating, life-threatening disease, to a chronic illness that can actually be treated and managed,” she tells Yahoo Health.

But HIV/AIDS is far from eradicated — even in America. While the UN reported in 2011 that, worldwide, new cases of AIDS have hit a plateau, there’s a lot we don’t realize about the condition and its reach in the United States. In honor of World AIDS Day, here are some facts that will surprise you about the disease in America.

And not just people of color, but women in general are at great risk. “Although the most frequently infected persons acquiring HIV are young gay men, especially young black men who have sex with men, women still account for 25 to 30 percent of people with HIV in the US,” says Susan E. Cohn, MD, MPH, a Professor of Medicine in the division of infectious diseases at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. “In some areas including the Northeast and the South, the percentage of women among those infected with HIV maybe even higher.”

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