OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Hong Kong.
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
METHODS: A total of 389 MSM were recruited from gay venues. An additional 188 MSM were recruited through the Internet. Data were collected via face-to-face interviews using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire or via an electronic questionnaire accessible via local gay-friendly websites. The associations between independent and dependent variables (VCT uptake in lifetime and in last 12 months) were examined by logistic regression models.
RESULTS: The prevalence rates for lifetime and 12-month uptake of VCT were 56.5% and 39.4%, respectively. Adjusting for significant background variables, all cognitive variables (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control and behavioural intention) that were derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviours (TPB) were significantly associated with both lifetime and 12-month uptake of VCT [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.56-4.71, P < 0.05]. Perceived fear of contracting HIV and perceived discrimination towards local MSM were associated with a lower likelihood of 12-month uptake of VCT (AOR 0.63, P < 0.05) and lifetime uptake (AOR 0.65, P < 0.05). In the summary models, variables derived from the TPB (subjective norms, perceived control and behavioural intention) were independently associated with lifetime and 12-month uptake of VCT (OR 0.64-2.78, P < 0.05; OR 2.39-3.21, P < 0.05, respectively). Fear of contracting HIV was associated with VCT uptake in the last 12 months (OR 0.55, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Psychological factors are associated with VCT uptake. The TPB and other health behavioural theories should be taken into account when designing VCT promotion campaigns.
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