Making the invisible, visible: a cross-sectional study of late presentation to HIV/AIDS services among MSM from a large urban center of Brazil

Published: December 22, 2014

7th Space
Sarah MacCarthy, Sandra Brignol, Manasa Reddy, Amy Nunn, Ines Dourado
Original Article:

Late presentation to testing, treatment and continued care has detrimental impacts on the health of HIV-positive individuals as well as their sexual partners’health. Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disproportionately high rates of HIV both globally and in Brazil.

However, the factors that inhibit linkage to care among MSM remain unclear.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of HIV-positive MSM (n = 740) enrolled in HIV/AIDS services in a large urban center of Brazil from August 2010 to June 2011. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics were conducted using STATA 12 to examine the relationship between a range of variables and late presentation, defined as having a first CD4 count <350 cells/mm3.

Results: Within the sample, the prevalence of LP was 63.1%.

Men who self-identified as heterosexual (AOR 1.54 and 95% CI 1.08 – 2.20) compared to men who self-identified as homosexual and bisexual were at increased odds of late presentation. Additionally, men age 30 and older (AOR 1.56, 95% CI 1.01 – 2.43) compared to individuals age 18-29 experienced increased odds of late presentation among MSM.

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