Engagement in HIV Care Among HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men From 21 Cities in the United States.

Published: September 13, 2013


We assessed factors associated with HIV care among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). We used 2008 data on MSM from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS). Venue-based, time-space sampling was used to recruit and interview men in 21 U.S. cities with high AIDS prevalence. Among self-reported HIV-positive MSM, we used generalized estimating equations (clustered on city of interview) to evaluate factors associated with delayed linkage to care (care entry >3 months after diagnosis), not currently receiving care (no visit for HIV care during the 6 months before the study interview), and not being on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Among 8,153 MSM, 882 (11 %) were self-reported HIV-positive. 25 % had delayed linkage, 12 % were not currently receiving care and among those with at least one heath care visit 30 % were not on ART. In multivariate analysis, lower income and testing positive at their first HIV test were associated with delayed linkage. Age 18-29 years, and not having health insurance were associated with not currently receiving care. Among those with at least one health care visit, being age 18-39 years, having private or no health insurance, and stimulant use were associated with not being on ART. These findings can inform efforts to improve engagement in care
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